Walking through a forest: Sunlight streaming through trees, birds chirping and wind rustling, the crunch of leaves beneath your feet.
If you can get to a forest or a park with a lot of trees you might find yourself feeling a lot better physically and mentally. (You should, of course, heed all governmental movement restrictions, wear a mask if you’ve been advised to do so and always maintain a healthy distance between yourself and others.)
Have a few trees in your backyard? That will do, too.
The forest “is a place to slow down, relax the mind, release tension and awaken your senses to the natural beauty around you,” explains Ben “Crow” Page, a certified forest therapy guide and training coordinator for the Association of Nature and Forest Therapy (ANFT). “We spend most of our lives so stressed out. Escaping that for a couple of hours can feel so good.”
The Japanese call spending restorative time in the forest shinrin-yoku, or forest bathing. It became popular during the 1980s when workers, stressed and sick from spending too much time at their desks, were encouraged to go outdoors.
In fact, the Japanese government has created more than 1,000 recreation forests, and walking through them is an essential part of preventive healthcare.
Surrounded by Nature
Margaret M. Hansen, EdD, a nursing professor at the University of San Francisco, isn’t surprised forest bathing is generating worldwide attention, noting that increases in the number of people living in cities has coincided with an increased prevalence of disorders such as cardiovascular disease.
“With the projected statistic of nine billion people living in cities by the year 2050,” Hansen says, “it may be wise for humans to return to nature and breathe in the identified compounds that are associated with health and well-being.”
Science supports the benefits of time spent in forests.
Research has found that walking in nature for 90 minutes helps boost mood. Other studies found that forest bathing helps lower stress, pulse rate, blood pressure and levels of cortisol, the stress hormone.†
In the meantime, the latest investigations are exploring the potential for this practice to trigger positive immune responses—a promising new area of research.
Thanks to phytoncides, microbe-fighting compounds that trees emit to protect themselves against germs and insect infestations, forest bathing might improve human immune system function. The idea is that you breathe in these substances, which then boost the activity of your body’s natural killer (NK) cells, the cells that respond to viruses.†
Page notes that pine trees release the highest levels of phytoncides, so forests with abundant pine species could have the strongest impact on the immune system.†
You don’t necessarily need to find a pine forest to reap the benefits, however. Spending time in a park, arboretum, botanical garden or even your own backyard can have profound effects on health and well-being.
“There are incredible neurological and physiological impacts when we slow down and relax in the natural world,” Page says.
Forest bathing can be as basic as taking a walk in nature—without popping in earbuds and listening to a podcast—to soak up the sights, sounds, scents and textures of the surroundings.
While Hansen would like to see more studies delve into the benefits of forest bathing, she is still a strong supporter of the practice.
“I am quite biased…primarily because of the effects it has on me. When I walk in the forest and I am mindful of my five senses, I clear my mind
†The information provided is not an endorsement of any product, and is intended for educational purposes only. NaturesPlus does not provide medical advice and does not offer diagnosis of any conditions. Current research on this topic is not conclusive and further research may be needed in order to prove the benefits described.
**These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.